Forest is a large area in which contain between concrete batching plant plants and various animals and various other nonliving elements, creating a climate and environmental conditions are distinctively different from outside the region. For life, forests have an important role by providing a variety of benefits, because it’s existence should be maintained and preserved. Many facts that can be learning that if forests are destroyed, the forests will be threatened by the arrival of a disaster that can not be predicted.
So who will be affected by disasters resulting from forest destruction? Is it just people who live in and around the forest alone? Of course not. For that, we must have a love of the forest in order to participate to maintain and preserve it.
So that we have a love of the forest, it helps us to know about some of the benefits of forests for life. Variety of forest benefits shows that forests are precious wealth for us. So we will want to participate in maintaining and preserving the forest. By awake and the conservation of forests, the forest resources will provide benefits to the public continuously, for a better future.
The following simple description of nine diverse benefits of forests for life:
Forests provide clean air
The air was fresh because the oxygen produced by the existing trees in the forest through the process of photosynthesis. The trees in forests also release water vapor so that the humidity is maintained. In addition, trees in forests also absorbed carbon dioxide is harmful if inhaled by human excess. Carbon dioxide derived from human activities such as motor vehicle fumes, factory smoke, human respiratory process, and the smoke of household activities.
With the forest on earth, the air becomes clean and fresh. Instead, destruction of forests resulted in the production of oxygen to the atmosphere is considerably reduced, and the concentration of carbon dioxide is increasing so that the temperature of the Earth is getting hotter.
Forests provide a source of clean water
Some sources state that despite the availability of water in the world is abundant, but the water that can be consumed by humans for drinking purposes only five percent, while the rest is sea water. Likewise, although the volume of water in the air that falls as rain is abundant, but when the rain reaches the earth’s surface, which becomes a steady stream of only 25%, and nearly three-quarters of its waste into the sea.
These figures show that the importance of forests as a store of water and keep it in the soil as the water supply for humans. Participated in the destruction of forests adds to the reduced availability of fresh water resources. When forests are not maintained and preserved, the water crisis will be experienced by us.
Forests prevent flooding and erosion
The roots of the trees in the forest can store water in times of drought and prevent flooding in the rainy season. As a result of floods and landslides can be controlled. This is because the forest has a great ability to absorb and store rainwater. If there are no forests, rain water should be fed on the surface of the ground, causing landslides, as well as the flow of water in the river will rise dramatically, causing flooding. Conversely, if there is a forest, rain water will be trapped by litter are numerous in forest soils, then absorbed by the soil pores. During the dry season, water is absorbed into the water table will be streamed piecemeal through springs and flowing as a river, so that there was no drought.
Forests hold seawater intrusion
In coastal areas, forests resist the entry of salt water to the mainland (intrusion). It’s very important to support farming in coastal areas. Sea water intrusion into daatan will resulted in an increasingly reduced water because groundwater is contaminated with seawater which has a salty taste. So even with the agricultural businesses will be disrupted due to the availability of fresh water for irrigation on the wane. Intrusion often lead to crop failure.
The forest as a place to live animals
The forest is a lively variety of wildlife such as dwarf buffalo, hog deer and various species of birds. Besides being a place to stay, forest beperan well as suppliers and caterers, as well as a breeding ground for the animals that live in it. For the forest ecosystem, the presence of animals in the spread of plant seeds and rejuvenate the forest. Deforestation will lead to diminishing wildlife habitat, as a result many animals that eventually bekeliaran in plantation to residential areas.
Forests provide timber and non-timber
Forests provide timber products that are useful for buildings materials, fuel, etc. Forests also provide non-timber forest products such as fruits, seeds, pandanus, rattan, resin and honey. Timber forest products is usually charged for the direct use by the local community or merchantability.
Forests as a source of food
Forests provide food for the local population that includes a source of protein, a variety of fruits and seeds. Various varieties of food that can be taken from the forest such as vegetables, including a variety of ferns and tubers, various fruits and mushrooms, corn, honey, fish and other freshwater animals.
Fish and freshwater animals in rivers and lakes in the forests help meet the needs of animal protein forest communities. Gathering food from the forest, hunting and fishing are additional activities for forest communities. If the forest is missing, then take honey, fish, sago and other forest products will no longer be a source of livelihoods.
Forests as a source of germplasm and producing drugs
Indonesia’s tropical forests is one of the biggest forest decisive for the life of many living things on earth. Rain and abundant sunshine all the time, creating a habitat that is ideal for the growth of a variety of flora and fauna. Some plants and animals with high species diversity has evolved over many years in the history of tropical rain forest. Has found 28,000 species of plants, 350,000 species of animals and 10,000 microbes that naturally live in Indonesia. This amount, may continue to grow after the study by experts flora and fauna. Therefore, Indonesia is famous as one of the countries that have megadiversity types of biological and is Megacenter world’s biodiversity.
Forests act as a source of germplasm (gene sources) because in the forest there are plants and animals that have superior properties. Forest is also a producer of various types of medicinal herbs. Many types of medicinal plants that are found in the forest.
Forests as a provider of natural attractions
In addition to storing a variety of plants and animals, forests also have the potential to be a beautiful natural scenery and can be used as an object in nature tourism activities. Nature tourism is a special interest tours, suitable for those who crave the quiet atmosphere but fresh air. Or for those who crave the sounds of nature such as birdsong in the wild, the wind, the rush of the waterfall, because every day the ears are tired of hearing the hustle bustle of the plant or vehicle. Or also crave soft colors such as the color of moss that grows on trees and green leaves.